The State of Kuwait is located in the North Western area of the Arab Gulf and it shares borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
Since Kuwait is located in a desert region, the climate is continental distinguished by long hot dry summers and warm short winters with occasional rainfall.
The population up until 30/June/2007 reached approximately 3,328,136. 1,038,598 of which are Kuwaiti nationals the rest are expatriates and foreigners.
Its total area is 17.820 Km², including the nine Islands: Failaka, Bubyan, Miskan, Warbah, Auhah, Um-Almaradim, Um-Alnamil, Kubbar and Garouh.
The country is divided into six governatorates:
- Al Asimah (Kuwait city: capital and seat of government)
- Jahra: largest governorate.
- Mubarak Al-Kabeer
During the past, the country was known with the name of “Al Qarin” to become after Kuwait, a diminutive of the Arabic word “Kut” meaning “fortress built near water.”
The National Day of the State of Kuwait is on the 25th of February.
Thanks to its strategic position on the North Eastern part of Arab Peninsula, the State of Kuwait is considered a very important commercial crossroad. The country is one of the most important manufacturer and exporter of oil, it is one of the founders of OPEC and it owns the fifth oil reserve of the world, having around the 10% of world oil resources. Oil industry is the most important of the country and it represents almost the half of the gross domestic product and the main part of its exports.
In addition to oil industry, there are many small and medium enterprises, most of them engaged in manufacturing heavy equipment, food, clothes, furniture, etc. and a lot of institutional and service agencies, which contribute effectively to the economy of the country.
Islam is the official religion of the State of Kuwait, while total freedom is granted to those who practice other religions on the understanding that they do not infringe upon Islam.